Information For Authors

Manuscripts must be original work that has not been previously published or under consideration by another journal.

Please email your file in Microsoft Word format to the editor, Geoffrey Nash, at

Submissions should be preceded by a short abstract of between 120 and 200 words and a list of relevant key words linked to the article. They should be approximately 6,000 words in length (including tables, figure, references and appendixes). A cover page with the full title of the paper, the author's full name, affiliation, e-mail address, postal address, and phone number must be included. The author's name should not appear elsewhere in the paper.

Each paper should be double-spaced in 12 pt Times New Roman with 1 inch margins on all sides. The Harvard system of referencing should be adopted throughout. Notes should be short and placed at the end of the paper before the references. Author details (about 50 words) should be supplied on a separate sheet.


University of Sunderland

ISSN 2057-2042 (Print)
ISSN 2057-2050 (Online)



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.